Located at the gateway to the Shenandoah Valley in the heart of the Eastern Panhandle, Berkeley County is well known for unique history, beautiful scenery, robust industry, and more. Formed in 1772 from neighboring Frederick County, Virginia by an act of the Virginia House of Burgesses, Berkeley County originally spanned from the Blue Ridge Mountains in what is now Jefferson County to the famed springs at the Town of Bath (Berkeley Springs) in what is now Morgan County. The county was named in honor of Norborne Berkeley, Baron de Botetourt, a royal governor of Virginia. Adam Stephen, Berkeley County’s first sheriff, laid out the county seat along Tuscarora Creek and named it Martinsburg in honor of his friend, Col. Thomas Bryan Martin.
See how Berkeley County, and the surrounding area, came to exist beginning in 1730... below video.